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In general language, any thing we do is work
Reading, Writing, Teaching, Running, Working on Computer
What is definition of work in Physics
Work is done when a force produces motion.
Work Requires some force
(Example - To run, we require muscular force)
Some motion shall be produced
Some distance shall be travelled in direction of force
Example - if we push a wall but wall does not move, so it is not work.
But if we push a car and it moves in direction of force, it is work.
What is formula for calculating Work
Work = Force × Distance moved in particular direction
We can say that
Work = Force × Displacement
W = F × s
What is SI Unit of Work
Work is measured in Joule
1 Joule = 1 Newton Meter
1 J = 1Nm
Since Force is measured in Newton (N)
Distance/Displacement is measured in Meter(m)
Work done by 1 Newton of Force to produce displacement of 1 meter = 1 Joule
Work = Force × Distance
= 1 N × 1 m
= 1 Joule
Q 1 Page 148 - A force of 7 N acts on an object. The displacement is, say 8 m, in the direction of the force (Fig. 11.3). Let us take it that the force acts on the object through the displacement. What is the work done in this case?
Q 1 Page 149 - When do we say that work is done?
Q 2 Page 149 - Write an expression for the work done when a force is acting on an object in the direction of its displacement
Q 3 Page 149 - Define 1 J of work.
Q 4 Page 149 - A pair of bullocks exerts a force of 140 N on a plough. The fieldbeing ploughed is 15 m long. How much work is done in ploughing the length of the field?
Example 11.1 - A force of 5 N is acting on an object. The object is displaced through2 m in the direction of the force (Fig. 11.2).
Example 11.2 - A porter lifts a luggage of 15 kg from the ground and puts it on hishead 1.5 m above the ground. Calculate the work done by him on the luggage.
NCERT Question 1 - Look at the activities listed below. Reason out whether or not work is done in the light of your understanding of the term ‘work’.
NCERT Question 2 - An object thrown at a certain angle to the ground moves in a curved path and falls back to the ground. The initial and the final points of the path of the object lie on the same horizontal line. What is the work done by the force of gravity on the object?