There are mainly 4 types of musical instruments:

  1. Stringed musical instruments
  2. Wind musical instruments
  3. Membrane Musical Instruments
  4. Plate Type musical instruments

 

Stringed musical instruments

Stringed musical instrument produces music by a stretched string.

Example - Guitar, Piano, Sitar

 

Wind musical instruments

Wind musical instrument produces music by vibration of air columns inside them

Example - Flute, Shehnai

 

Membrane musical instruments

Membrane means a thin skin.

Membrane musical instrument produces music by vibration of thin stretched membranes

Example - Tabla, Drums

 

Plate type musical instruments

Plate type musical instrument produces music by vibration of thick plates.

Example - Cymbals (Manjira), Jal-tarang

 

Instrument Name

Parts which Produces Sound

Guitar

Stretched string

Piano

Stretched string

Sitar

Stretched string

Flute

Air Column

Shehnai

Air Column

Drums

Stretched Membrane

Tabla

Stretched Membrane

Cymbals (Manjira)

Plate type

Jal-tarang

Plate type

Different musical Instuments.jpg

Note: When we pluck the string of a guitar, the sound we hear is because of vibration of the whole instrument , not only the string.

Questions

NCERT Question 7 - Identify the part which vibrates to produce sound in the following instruments:
(a) Dholak (b) Sitar (c) Flute

View Answer

  1. Class 8
  2. Chapter 13 Class 8 - Sound

About the Author

Davneet Singh's photo - Teacher, Computer Engineer, Marketer
Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.