Learn All Concepts of Chapter 2 Class 11 Relations and Function - FREE. Check - Trigonometry Class 11 - All Concepts

Let us consider a circle with radius r

Arc is a portion of the circle.

Let the arc subtend angle θ at the center

Then,

Angle at center = Length of Arc/ Radius of circle

θ = l/r

Note: Here angle is in radians.

Let’s take some examples

###
**
If radius of circle is 5 cm, and length of arc is 12 cm. Find angle subtended by arc
**

Given radius = r = 5 cm

Length of arc =
*
l
*
= 12 cm

We know that

θ =
*
l
*
/r

θ = 12/5

∴ Angle subtended by angle arc = 12/5 radians

###
**
If angle subtended by arc is 1 radian, and radius of circle is 1 cm. Find length of arc
**

View Answer

Given radius = r = 1 cm

Angle = θ = 1 radian

We know that

θ =
*
l
*
/r

1 =
*
l
*
/1

1 =
*
l
*

*
l
*
= 1 cm

∴ Length of the arc = 1 cm

###
**
If angle subtended by arc is
**
**
π
**
**
radian, and length of the arc is 2
**
**
π
**
**
cm. What is the radius of circle?
**

**
**

Given

Length of arc =
*
l
*
= 2π cm

Angle = θ = π radian

We know that

θ =
*
l
*
/r

π = 2π/r

r = 2π/π

r = 2 cm

∴ Radius of circle = 2 cm