Example 28 - Chapter 3 Class 12 Matrices (Important Question)
Last updated at Jan. 17, 2020 by Teachoo
Last updated at Jan. 17, 2020 by Teachoo
Transcript
Example 28 Let A = [■8(2&−1@3&4)], B=[■8(5&2@7&4)], C = [■8(2&5@3&8)] find a matrix D such that CD – AB = O Order of A = 2 × 2 & Order of B = 2 × 2 Order of AB = 2 × 2 Since we are doing CD – AB Order of CD = Order of AB Order of CD = 2 × 2 Order of C = 2 × 2 So, order of D = × Let D = [■8(a&b@c&d)] Now, given CD – AB = O [■8(2&5@3&8)] [■8(a&b@c&d)] − [■8(2&−1@3&4)][■8(5&2@7&4)] = O [■8(2(a)+5(c)&2(b)+5(d)@3(a)+8(c)&3(b)+8(d))] – [■8(2(5)+(−1)7&2(2)+(−1)(4)@3(5)+4(7)&3(2)+4(4))] = O [■8(2a+5c&2b+5d@3a+8c&3b+8d)] – [■8(10−7&4−4@15+28&6+16)] = O [■8(2a+5c&2b+5d@3a+8c&3b+8d)] – [■8(3&0@43&22)] = O [■8(2a+5c−3&2b+5d−0@3a+8c−43&3b+8d−22)]=[■8(0&0@0&0)] Since matrices are equal, Corresponding elements are equal Hence, 2a + 5c – 3 = 0 3a + 8c – 43 = 0 2b + 5d = 0 3b + 8d – 22 = 0 Solving (1) 2a + 5c – 3 = 0 2a + 5c = 3 2a = 3 – 5c a = (3 − 5𝑐)/2 Putting value of a in (2) 3a + 8c – 43 = 0 3((3−5𝑐)/2) + 8c – 43 = 0 (3(3 − 5𝑐) + 2(8𝑐) − 2(43))/2 = 0 9 – 15c + 16c – 86 = 0 − 15c + 16c – 86 + 9 = 0 c – 77 = 0 c = 77 From (1) 2a + 5c – 3 = 0 Putting value of c = 77 2a + 5 × 77 – 3 = 0 2a + 385 – 3 = 0 2a + 382 = 0 2a = –382 a = (−382)/2 a = −191 From (3) 2b + 5d = 0 2b = − 5d b = ((− 5)/2)d From (4) 3b + 8d – 22 = 0 Putting value of b = ((− 5)/2)d 3((− 5)/2)d + 8d − 22 = 0 (−15𝑑)/2 + 8d – 22 = 0 (−15𝑑 + 16𝑑 − 44)/2 = 0 d – 44 = 0 × 2 d – 44 = 0 d = 44 From (3) 2b + 5d = 0 Putting value of d = 44 2b + 5 × 44 = 0 2b + 220 = 0 2b = –220 b = (−220)/2 b = −110 Hence, a = −191, b = −110 , c = 77 , d = 44 Thus, Matrix D is = [■8(𝑎&𝑏@𝑐&𝑑)] = [■8(−𝟏𝟗𝟏&−𝟏𝟏𝟎@𝟕𝟕&𝟒𝟒)]
Chapter 3 Class 12 Matrices
Ex 3.1, 9 Important
Example 18 Important
Example 19
Ex 3.2, 7 Important
Ex 3.2, 12 Important
Ex 3.2, 16 Important
Ex 3.2, 17 Important
Ex 3.2, 20 Important
Example 22 Important
Ex 3.3, 4
Ex 3.3, 10 Important
Ex 3.3, 12 Important
Ex 3.4, 15 Important Deleted for CBSE Board 2022 Exams
Ex 3.4, 17 Important Deleted for CBSE Board 2022 Exams
Example 28 You are here
Misc. 3 Important
Misc. 9 Important
Misc. 11 Important
Misc. 13 Important
Chapter 3 Class 12 Matrices
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