Ex 3.2, 20 - The bookshop has 10 dozen chemistry books, 8 physics - Statement questions - Multiplication of matrices

  1. Class 12
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Ex 3.2, 20 The bookshop of a particular school has 10 dozen chemistry books, 8 dozen physics books, 10 dozen economics books. Their selling prices are Rs 80, Rs 60 and Rs 40 each respectively. Find the total amount the bookshop will receive from selling all the books using matrix algebra. Number of chemistry books = 10 dozen = 10 × 12 = 120 Number of physics books = 8 dozen = 8 × 12 = 96 Number of economics books = 10 dozen = 10 × 12 = 120 Let matrix A denote the number of books per subject. A = [ 120 96 120 ] Let Matrix B denote the selling price of books per subject B = [█(80@60@40)] Now, Total amount the shopkeeper receives = Number of books × Selling price = AB = 〖"[ 120 96 120 ]" 〗_(1 × 3) [■8(80@60@40)]_(3 × 1) = 〖["180 × 80 + 96 × 60 + 120 × 40" ]〗_(1 × 1) = "180 × 80 + 96 × 60 + 120 × 40" = 9600 + 5760 + 4800 = 20160 Hence total amount received by shopkeeper is Rs. 20160

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Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 8 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo. You can check his NCERT Solutions from Class 6 to 12.