Read the following extract.
State TRUE or FALSE. None of the terms (a) -(d) below, can be applied to the young seagull’s behaviour - he bent his head and ran away back to the little hole under the ledge where he slept at night.
(a) A phobia - an irrational fear of something
(b) An instinct - an innate tendency to act in a certain way
(c) A habit - a regular practice or tendency
(d) A trait - a characteristic or quality
Answer written by student:
The correct answer is FALSE
Step-by-Step explanation of the answer:
To answer this question, we need to understand the meaning of each term and see if it can be applied to the young seagull’s behaviour.
Now, let’s see if any of the terms can be applied to the young seagull’s behaviour.
- The young seagull’s behaviour can be described as a phobia , because he has an irrational fear of flying that causes him anxiety and avoidance. He feels certain that his wings would never support him, and he runs away from the edge of the ledge where he is supposed to take his first flight. 🐦
- The young seagull’s behaviour cannot be described as an instinct, because he does not act in accordance with his natural tendency as a bird. He refuses to leave the ledge even when his brothers and sisters have taken their first flight, and he does not follow his parents’ calls and threats. 🙅♂️
- The young seagull’s behaviour cannot be described as a habit, because he does not do it out of repetition or preference . He does not enjoy staying on the ledge and hiding in the hole, but rather does it out of fear and helplessness. 😢
- The young seagull’s behaviour cannot be described as a trait, because it is not a permanent or inherent quality that defines him. He is not always afraid or cowardly, but rather faces a specific challenge that he needs to overcome. 😊
Therefore, none of the terms (b), (c), and (d) can be applied to the young seagull’s behaviour, but the term (a) can be applied to it.
Hence, the statement is FALSE. ❌