River Pollution 

  • Th e increasing domestic, municipal, industrial, and agricultural demand for river water has a natural impact on water quality. 
  • As a result, more and more water is being drained out of the rivers reducing their volume.
  • On the other hand, untreated sewage and industrial effluents are dumped into rivers in large quantities causing river pollution.
  • This affects not only the water quality but also the river's ability to self-clean.
  • For example, given the adequate streamflow, the Ganga water is able to dilute and assimilate pollution loads within 20 km of large cities.
  • However, i ncreasing urbanization and industrialization make this impossible, and the pollution level of many rivers has been rising.
  •  Concerns about rising pollution in the rivers, the government, and environmentalists launched various action plans to clean the rivers.

National River Conservation Plan (NRCP)

  • The river cleaning program in the country was initiated with the launching of the Ganga Action Plan (GAP) in 1985. 
  • In 1995 , the Ganga Action Plan was expanded to include other rivers as part of the National River Conservation Plan (NRCP). 
  • The goal of the NRCP is to improve the water quality of the country's rivers , which are major water sources, through the implementation of pollution abatement work .
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.