Read the source given below and answer the questions that follows:

India has many lakes. These differ from each other in size and other characteristics. Most lakes are permanent; some contain water only during the rainy season, like the lakes in the basins of inland drainage of semi-arid regions. There are some lakes which are the result of the action of glaciers and ice sheets, while others have been formed by wind, river action and human activities. A meandering river across a floodplain forms cut- offs that later develops into ox-bow lakes. Spits and bars form lagoons in the coastal areas, e.g., the Chilika lake, the Pulicat lake and the Kolleru lake. Lakes in the region of inland drainage are sometimes seasonal; for example, the Sambhar lake in Rajasthan, which is a salt water lake. Its water is used for producing salt. Most of the freshwater lakes are in the Himalayan region. They are of glacial origin. In other words, they formed when glaciers dug out a basin, which was later filled with snowmelt. The Wular lake in Jammu and Kashmir, in contrast, is the result of tectonic activity. It is the largest freshwater lake in India. The Dal lake, Bhimtal, Nainital, Loktak and Barapani are some other important freshwater lakes.

 

Question (i)

The Indian lakes differ from each other in ..................... and other ......................

(a) size, characteristics

(b) length, features

(c) depth, characteristics

(d) location, features

 

Answer:

From the paragraph 

India has many lakes. These differ from each other in size and other characteristics. Most lakes are permanent; some contain water only during the rainy season, like the lakes in the basins of inland drainage of semi-arid regions.

So, the correct option is  (a): size, characteristics 

Question (ii)

Sambhar lake is in:

(a) Uttar Pradesh

(b) West Bengal

(c) Uttarakhand

(d) Rajasthan

 

Answer:

From the paragraph 

the Chilika lake, the Pulicat lake, and the Kolleru lake. Lakes in the region of inland drainage are sometimes seasonal ; for example, the Sambhar lake in Rajasthan, which is a saltwater lake. Its water is used for producing salt. 

So, the correct option is (d): Rajasthan  

 

Question (iii)

Salt is produced from:

(a) fresh water lake

(b) salt water lake

(c) man-made lake

(d) ocean

 

Answer:

From the paragraph 

lake. Lakes in the region of inland drainage are sometimes seasonal; for example, the Sambhar lake in Rajasthan, which is a saltwater lake. Its water is  used for producing salt. 

So, the correct option is (b): salt water lake 

 

Question (iv)

............. is the largest fresh water lake in India.

(a) The Dal lake

(b) Nainital lake

(c) The Wular lake

(d) Sambhar lake

 

Answer:

From the paragraph, 

In other words,  they formed when glaciers dug out a basin, which was later filled with snowmelt. The Wular lake in  Jammu and Kashmir, in contrast, is the result of tectonic activity. It is the largest freshwater lake in India.

So, the correct option is (c): The Wular lake

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.