Drainage Systems in India 

  • Indian rivers are classified into two major groups: 
    • Himalayan rivers
    • Peninsular rivers.
  • The Himalayan and Peninsular rivers differ in numerous ways.
  • The majority of Himalayan rivers are perennial
  • The two major Himalayan rivers, the Indus and the Brahmaputra flow northward from the mountain ranges.
  • They have carved gorges through the mountains. 
  • The Himalayan rivers have long courses from their source to the sea.
  • They perform an intensive erosional activity in their upper courses and transport massive amounts of silt and sand
  • In the middle and the lower courses, these rivers form meanders, oxbow lakes, 
  • Many Peninsular rivers are seasonal, as their flow is determined by rainfall.
  • Even the largest rivers have less water flowing through their channels during the dry season.
  • In comparison to their Himalayan counterparts, Peninsular rivers have shorter and shallower courses
  • The majority of rivers in peninsular India originate in the Western Ghats and flow to the Bay of Bengal.
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Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.