The Peninsular Rivers 

  • The Western Ghats, which run from north to south close to the western coast, form the main water divide in Peninsular India.
  • Most of the Peninsula's major rivers, including the Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri, flow eastward and drain into the Bay of Bengal.
  • A number of small streams flow west of the Western Ghats.
  • The Narmada and Tapi rivers are the only long rivers that flow west and form estuaries.
  • The peninsular rivers' drainage basins are relatively small in size.

The Narmada Basin

  • The Narmada rises in the Amarkantak hills in Madhya Pradesh.
  • It flows westward through a rift valley which is formed by faulting.
  • The Narmada creates many picturesque locations such as the 'Marble rocks' near Jabalpur, where the Narmada flows through a deep gorge, and the 'Dhuadhar falls,' where the river plunges over steep rocks.
  • The Narmada's tributaries are very short , and the majority of them join the mainstream at right angles. 
  • The Narmada basin is located in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.

The Tapi Basin

  • The Tapi rises in the Satpura ranges, in the Betul district (Madhya Pradesh).
  • It flows in a rift valley parallel to the Narmada , but its length is much shorter.
  • Its basin covers parts of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, and Maharashtra.
  • The coastal plains that connect the Western Ghats to the Arabian Sea are extremely narrow. As a result, the coastal rivers are short. 
  • Sabarmati, Mahi, Bharathpuzha, and Periyar are the major west-flowing rivers .

The Godavari Basin

Features of Godavari River

  • The Godavari is the largest Peninsular river.  
  • It rises from the slopes of the Western Ghats in Maharashtra's Nasik district. 
  • It is approximately 1500 kilometers long.
  • It drains into the Bay of Bengal.
  • Among the peninsular rivers, its drainage basin is the largest
  • The basin covers parts of Maharashtra (about 50 percent of the basin area lies in Maharashtra), Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, and Andhra Pradesh
  • The Godavari is fed by several tributaries , including the Purna, Wardha, Pranhita, Manjra, Wainganga, and Penganga. 
  • It is also known as the Dakshin Ganga due to its length and the area it covers.

The Mahanadi Basin

Features of Mahanadi

  • The Mahanadi River rises in the Chhattisgarh highlands
  • It flows through Odisha before entering the Bay of Bengal.  
  • The river runs for approximately 860 kilometers .
  • Its drainage basin is shared by Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Odisha.

The Krishna Basin

The Krishna River 

  • The Krishna River flows about 1400 kilometers rise from a spring near Mahabaleshwar to the Bay of Bengal. 
  • Some of its tributaries include the Tungabhadra, Koyana, Ghatprabha, Musi, and Bhima.
  • Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh share their drainage basin.

The Kaveri Basin

The Kaveri River

  • The Kaveri rises in the Brahmagri range of the Western Ghat s and it reaches the B ay of Bengal in the south of Cuddalore in Tamil Nadu.
  • The river's total length is approximately 760 kilometers.
  • Amravati, Bhavani, Hemavati, and Kabini are its major tributaries.
  • Its basin drains parts of Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.