What are the similarities between colonial management of the forests in Bastar and in Java?
Answer to be written in the exam:
Similarities between colonial management of the forests in Bastar and in Java :
In Java and Bastar,
forest laws have been passed.
Villagers have less access to the woodlands
because of these rules.
specific forests could be harvested
under strict control for wood.
fined for illegally accessing woodlands
and taking wood items.
The peasants were given
permission to enter woodlands
and collect forest goods.
forest service existed
Both practices were part of the
The Forest Acts caused the
peasants great difficulty in both locations
. Their regular activities, such as gathering wood for their homes, grazing their cattle, gathering fruits and roots, and going hunting and fishing, were now forbidden.
- People started to be harassed by constables and forest guards.