The spread of Railways from the 1850s created which new demands on the Indian forests and how were they met? Explain.



Answer to be written in the exam:

  1. Railways were essential for Colonial Trade and for the movement of Imperial Troops. To run locomotives, wood was needed as fuel , and to lay. Railway line sleepers were essential to hold the tracks together.

  2. Each mile of the Railway track required between 1,760  and 2,000 sleepers. From the 1860s, the Railway  Network expanded rapidly. By 1890, about 25,500  km. of track had been laid.

  3. In 1946, the length of the tracks had increased to over 765,000 km .  As the Railway tracks spread through India, a larger and larger number of trees were being cut annually.

  4. As early as the 1850s, in the Madras  Presidency alone, 35,000 trees were being cut annually for sleepers . The Government gave out contracts to individuals to supply the required quantities. These contractors began cutting trees indiscriminately.
Go Ad-free
Davneet Singh's photo - Co-founder, Teachoo

Made by

Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.