Who was Dietrich Brandis? Explain any four of his ideas for the Management of Forests in India during British Period.
Answer to be written in the exam:
Dietrich Brandis was a German Expert in Forestry who was made the First Inspector General of Forests in India
Dietrich’s four Ideas for the Management of Forests in India were:
Brandis realized that a
proper system had to be introduced which would need legal sanction.
Rules about the use of forest resources had to be framed.
The felling of trees and grazing had to be restricted
for the preservation of forests for the cause of timber production. Anybody
who cut trees without following the system would be punished.
For this purpose, Brandis set up the
Indian Forest Service in 1864 and assisted in formulating the Indian Forest Act of 1865.
- In 1906, the Imperial Forest Institute was set up in Dehradun and it taught the system called “Scientific Forestry”.