Name the major physiographic divisions of India and describe any two points of significance of the Himalayas and the Northern Plains each.
Answer to be written in exam :
- Himalayan Mountains
- Northern Plains
- Peninsular Plateau
- Indian Desert
- Coastal Plains
Significance of Himalayas :
- The Himalayas are the major source of water and forest wealth.
- They have beautiful valleys which have become star attraction of tourism, thereby, increasing the foreign exchange reserves.
Significance of Northern Plains:
- With a rich soil cover combined with adequate water supply and favourable climate, it is agriculturally a very productive part of India.
- The soil in this region contains calcareous deposits locally known as ‘Kankar’ . The newer deposits of the flood plains are called ‘Khadar’. They are renewed almost every year due to which they are fertile. Thus, these are ideal for intensive agriculture.