Fun Fact:

  • Russia followed the Julian calendar until 1 February 1918
  • The country then changed to the Gregorian calendar , which is followed everywhere today. The Gregorian dates are 13 days ahead of the Julian dates
  • So by our calendar, the ‘February’ Revolution took place on 12th March and the ‘October’ Revolution took place on 7th November.


  • Marseillaise ’, a war song was written.


  • Giuseppe Mazzini , an Italian nationalist , conspired with others to convert Italy into a nation where all citizens will be equal .

1850s -1880s

  • Debates over socialism in Russia


  • Paris Commune


  • Strikes in textile industries


  • Formation of the Russian Social Democratic Workers Party


  • Formation of Socialist Revolutionary Party


  • Strikes in the metal industry.


  • The Bloody Sunday and the Revolution of 1905 .
  • Socialists and trade unionists formed a Labour Party in Britain and a Socialist Party in France .


  • war broke out between two European alliances Germany , Austria and Turkey ( the Central powers ) and France , Britain and Russia (later Italy and Romania ).


22 February 1917

  • a lockout took place at a factory on the right bank.

25 February 1917

  • the government suspended the Duma

26 February 1917

  • Demonstrators returned in force to the streets of the left bank of river Neva.

27 February 1917

  • the Police Headquarters were ransacked .

2nd March 1917

  • Abdication of the Tsar .

April 1917

  • the Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin returned to Russia from his exile

July 1917

  • demonstrations staged by the Bolsheviks were sternly repressed

16th October 1917

  • Lenin persuaded the Petrograd Soviet and the Bolshevik Party to agree to a socialist seizure of power

24th October 1917

  • Bolshevik uprising in Petrograd .

November 1917

  • Most industries and banks were nationalised.


  • The Civil War


  • the Assembly rejected Bolshevik measures and Lenin dismissed the Assembly .


  • clothing competition was organised to change the uniform of the army when the Soviet hat (budeonovka) was chosen.


  • despite opposition from their political allies , the Bolsheviks made peace with Germany at Brest Litovsk


  • Formation of Comintern


  • Bolshevik party members toured the grain-producing areas , supervising enforced grain collections , and raiding kulaks – the name for well-to-do peasants


  • Beginning of Collectivisation .


Go Ad-free
Davneet Singh's photo - Co-founder, Teachoo

Made by

Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.