Why was collectivism implemented in Soviet Russia, and what happened after it was implemented?

Answer to written

  • By 1927- 1928 , the towns in Soviet Russia were facing an acute problem with grain supplies . One of the reasons for the shortage of grain supply was the small size of land holdings. So, Stalin introduced collectivism and forced peasants to cultivate in collective farms ( kolkhoz ). Peasants worked on the land , and the kolkhoz profit was shared .
  • Enraged peasants resisted the authorities and destroyed their livestock . Between 1929 and 1931 , the number of cattle fell by one-third . Those who resisted collectivisation were severely punished . Many were deported and exiled
  • Despite collectivisation, production did not increase immediately.
  • The bad harvests of 1930-1933 led to one of the most devastating famines in Soviet history when over 4 million died .
  • Many within the Party criticised the confusion in industrial production under the Planned Economy and the consequences of collectivisation . Stalin and his sympathisers charged these critics with conspiracy against socialism .
  • Accusations were made throughout the country, and by 1939 , over 2 million were in prisons or labour camps . Most were innocent of the crimes , but no one spoke for them . A large number were forced to make false confessions under torture and were executed – several among them were talented professionals.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.