What were the main features of Stalin’s Five Year Plans, and what were their effects on the Soviet economy and society?
Answer to written
Stalin's Five Year Plans were a series of centralized economic plans implemented in the Soviet Union from 1928 to 1952. These plans aimed to rapidly industrialize and modernize the country's economy, with the ultimate goal of establishing a socialist society. Here are the main features of Stalin's Five Year Plans and their effects on the Soviet economy and society:
Collectivization of Agriculture
: One of the key features of the First Five Year Plan was the forced collectivization of agriculture. Peasants were required to pool their lands and resources into collective farms (kolkhozes) under state control. This move aimed to increase agricultural productivity and generate a surplus for industrial development. However, collectivization was met with significant resistance, and its implementation led to widespread famine and the loss of millions of lives in the early 1930s.