Compare the different ways in which the Belgians and the Sri Lankans have dealt with the problem of cultural diversity.
Points to Remember
- In Belgium , unity is achievable only through accommodating the interests of diverse ethnic communities.
- Sri Lanka provides a counter-example.
- It threatens the unity of a country through majoritarianism.
Answer to be written in exam
- Belgium's leaders have come to the realization that only by respecting the sentiments and interests of many communities and regions is national unity feasible.
- They followed a policy of accommodation which helped to avoid civil strife and division of the country on linguistic lines.
- Sri Lanka provides a counterexample . It demonstrated how the unity of the nation might be threatened if a majority society seeks to impose its domination over others and refuses to delegate authority.
- They adopted a series of measures to establish Sinhala supremacy by passing an Act of 1956 . These measures alienated the Tamils leading to civil war between the two communities.