• Conservation preserves ecological diversity and our life support systems - water,air and soil.
  • It also preserves the genetic diversity of plants and animals for better growth of species and breeding .
  • In agriculture we are still dependent on traditional crop varieties . Fisheries too are heavily dependen t on the maintenance of aquatic biodiversity .
  • In the 1960s and 1970s , conservationists demanded a national wildlife protection programme.
  • The Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act was implemented in 1972, with various provisions for protecting habitats .
  • The thrust of the programme was towards protecting the remaining population of certain endangered species by banning hunting , giving legal protection to their habitats and restricting trade in wildlife.
  • Central and many state governments established national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.
  • The center also announced several projects for protecting specific animals , which were gravely threatened , including the tiger , the one horned rhinoceros , the Kashmir stag or hangul, three types of crocodiles - freshwater crocodile, saltwater crocodile and the Gharial, the Asiatic Lion , and others.
  • Most recently, the Indian elephant , black buck (chinkara), the great Indian bustard (godawan) and the snow leopard , etc. have been given full or partial legal protection against hunting and trade throughout India.
  • The conservatio n projects are now focussing on biodiversity .
  • There is more intensive search for different conservation measures.
  • Now, even insects are finding a place in the conservation planning .
  • Under the Wildlife Act of 1980 and 1986 , several hundred butterflies , moths , beetles and one dragonfly have been added to the list of protected species .
  • In 1991 , for the first time plants were also added to the list, starting with six species.

Kaziranga National Park - Teachoo.png

Sundarbans National Park - Teachoo.png

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.