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  • Different plants have different types of flowers.
  • They may be of different shapes, size and colors.

 

Parts of a Flower:

 

Sepals:

  • Green, leaf like part in the outer circle of flower are known as Sepals
  • Function- Protect the flower when it is in the form of a bud.

Petals:

  • Inside the sepals are the petals.
  • Petals are of different colors, shape and size.

Stamen:

  • Inside the petals, there are stalks with swollen tops
  • They are known as Stamen
  • Stamen is made up of 2 parts:

 

Filament:

The stalk of stamen is known as Filament.

Anther

  • The swollen part of stamen is known as Anther
  • Stamen is the male reproductive part of flowers.

Pistil

  • Innermost part of the flower is known as Pistil.
  • Pistil is made up of 3 parts-Stigma, Style and Ovary.

Stigma

  • Top part of the pistil is known as Stigma

Style

  • Middle part of the pistil is known as the Style.

Ovary

  • Swollen part at the bottom of the pistil is known as Ovary
  • Ovary contains small bead like structures inside them these are known as Ovules
  • Pistil is the female reproductive part of flowers. 

Note:

  • The structures of all the flowers may not be the same
  • They have different numbers of petals, sepals, stamen and pistil. 
  • Some of these parts may even be absent.

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CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 12 years and a teacher from the past 16 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo