Part of the plant which is below the ground in the soil is known as Roots


Functions of the root.

  • They help to hold the plant firmly to the soil.
  • Roots absorb water and minerals f rom the soil which is needed by the leaves for preparing food.

Types of Roots


Tap Root

  • There is a main root which grows in the soil and smaller roots grow on all sides of the main root which are known as Lateral roots
  • Example - Pea plant, Neem tree, Tulsi, Carrot, Mango


Fibrous Root

  • They do not have the main root.
  • All the roots are of the same size.
  • These are known as Fibrous roots .
  • Example - Wheat, Paddy, Sugarcane, Grass, Millet, Sweet Potato



  • Some of the plants store food in their roots which we eat like- Carrot, Radish, Turnip and Sweet Potato
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Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 14 years and a teacher from the past 18 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo