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Example 7 In what ratio does the point (– 4, 6) divide the line segment joining the points A(– 6, 10) and B(3, – 8)? Given points A(−6, 10) & B(3, −8) Let point C(−4, 6) We need to find ratio between AC & CB Let the ratio be k : 1 Hence, m1 = k , m2 = 1 Also, x1 = −6 , y1 = 10 x2 = 3 , y2 = −8 & x = −4 , y = 6 Using section formula x = (𝑚1 𝑥2 + 𝑚2 𝑥1)/(𝑚1 + 𝑚2) −4 = (𝑘 ×3 + 1 ×−6)/(𝑘 + 1) −4 = (3𝑘 − 6)/(𝑘 + 1) −4(k + 1)= 3k − 6 −4k – 4 = 3k – 6 −4k – 3k = −6 + 4 −7k = −2 k = (−2)/(−7) k = 2/7 Hence, the ratio is k : 1 = 2/7 : 1 Multiplying 7 both sides = 7 × 2/7 : 7 × 1 = 2 : 7 So, the ratio is 2: 7

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.