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Example 14 Find the value of k if the points A(2, 3), B(4, k) and C(6, –3) are collinear. If points A, B, C are collinear, they will lie on the same line, i.e. they will not form triangle Therefore, Area of ∆ABC = 0 1/2 [ x1(y2 – y3) + x2(y3 – y1) + x3(y1 – y2) ] = 0 Here x1 = 2, y1 = 3 x2 = 4, y2 = k x3 = 6, y3 = −3 Putting values 1/2 [ 2(k – (−3)) + 4(−3 − 3) + 6(3 – k) ] = 0 2(k + 3) + 4(−6) + 6(3 − k) = 0 × 2 2k + 6 – 24 + 18 – 6k = 0 2k – 6k = − 6 + 24 −18 −4k = 0 k = 0 Here x1 = 2, y1 = 3 x2 = 4, y2 = k x3 = 6, y3 = −3 Putting values 1/2 [ 2(k – (−3)) + 4(−3 − 3) + 6(3 – k) ] = 0 2(k + 3) + 4(−6) + 6(3 − k) = 0 × 2 2k + 6 – 24 + 18 – 6k = 0 2k – 6k = − 6 + 24 −18 −4k = 0 k = 0

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.