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Ex 7.2, 4 Find the ratio in which the line segment joining the points (– 3, 10) and (6, – 8) is divided by (– 1, 6). Let the points be A(−3, 10) , B(6, −8) , C(−1, 6) We need to find ratio between AC & CB Let the ratio be k : 1 Hence, m1 = k , m2 = 1 x1 = −3, y1 = 10 x2 = 6, y2 = −8 & x = −1, y = 6 Using section formula x = (𝑚_1 𝑥_2 + 𝑚_2 𝑥_1)/(𝑚_1 + 𝑚_2 ) −1 = (𝑘 × 6 + 1 ×−3)/(𝑘 + 1) −1 = (6𝑘 − 3)/(𝑘 + 1) −1(k + 1) = 6k − 3 −k – 1 = 6k −3 −k – 6k = −3 + 1 −7k = −2 k = (−2)/(−7) k = 2/7 Hence, the ratio is k : 1 = 2/7 : 1 Multiplying 7 both sides = 7 × 2/7 : 7 × 1 = 2 : 7 So, the ratio is 2 : 7

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.