What is Gender Discrimination?

It is the unequal or unfair treatment

of an individual because of their gender"

Gender Discrimination-Meaning and Example - Teachoo.JPG

 

What is meaning of Gender Equity?

Gender Equity means fairness in treatment of men and women according to their respective needs

Example

Allowing girls to go for higher education just like boys

Gender Equity - Teachoo.JPG

 

Is there Gender equity in Education in India?

No

Female literacy rate is lower than male literacy rate

However, gap is narrowing down as shown below:

Is there Gender Equity in India - Teachoo.JPG

S. No Particulars 1990 2000 2011 2017-18
1 Adult Literacy Rate (per cent of people aged 15+)        
  1.1 Male 61.9 68.4 79 82
  1.2 Female 37.9 45.4 59 66
2 Primary completion rate (per cent of relevant age group)        
  2.1 Male 78 85 92 93
  2.2 Female 61 69 94 96
3 Youth Literacy Rate (per cent of people aged 15+ to 24)        
  3.1 Male 76.6 79.7 90 93
  3.2 Female 54.2 64.8 82 90

 

Also, there is much higher level of unemployment in case of rural female graduates (30%)

as compared to male graduates (19%)

This is because women are forced to marry at younger age as compared to males

 

Why women education in India should be promoted?

To Make women economically independent

(Educated women can work and earn money and not dependent upon their husbands for money)

To Improve their social status

(Educated women are respected more in society as compared to educated women)

To improve health care of women and children

(Educated women maintain proper hygiene and sanitation and prevent themselves and their children form diseases)

Why Women Education Should be Promoted - Teachoo.JPG

 

NCERT Questions

Q17

Discuss the need for promoting women’s education in India.

View Answer

 

MCQ Other Books

Q1

In the following questions, select the correct answers:

1 Reasons to promote women education in India:

A To Make women economically independent

B To Improve their social status

C To improve health care of women and children

D All of these

View Answer
  1. Class 12 NCERT
  2. Indian Economic Development

Transcript

Gender Discrimination-Meaning and Example Story of 2 Twins - Deepak and Deepika Deepak Born in Middle Class Family Joined Best School Class 10  80% Class 12th  90% Completed B-tech Started Job Salary Rs 50,000 pm Deepika Born in Middle Class Family Joined Nearby School Class 10  85% Class 12th  Learnt Housework Got Married 2 Kids (Dependent on Husband for Small Expenses) What Is Gender Discrimination It is the unequal or unfair treatment of an individual because of their gender Gender Equity WHAT IS GENDER EQUITY? Gender Equity means fairness in treatment of men and women according to their respective needs. Example Allowing girls to go for higher education just like boys Example 2 Allowing women to work just like men Is there Gender Equity in India? Female Literacy Rate-Male vs Female Adult Literacy Rate 82 66 Literacy Rate more for men than women because many girls drop out of school or don’t attend at all However gap is narrowing in younger generation Unemployment Rate Female Literacy Rate-Male vs Female Unemployment Rate more in men because of higher working Population Women married off at earlier age Work less compared to men Why Women Education Should be Promoted? Uneducated Woman Uneducated Woman Do Manual work Earn less Many Dependent on Family for Money Less Respect in Society Doesn't Maintain Hygiene Children, Family also get disease Educated Woman Educated Woman do skilled work, Earn more Are Economically Independent More Respect, Social Status Maintain health and hygiene of self and family, This is why Women Education should be promoted

About the Author

CA Maninder Singh's photo - Expert in Practical Accounts, Taxation and Efiling
CA Maninder Singh
CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 10 years. He also provides Accounts Tax GST Training in Delhi and Pune.