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Example 13 - The sum of a two-digit number and number - Elimination

  1. Chapter 3 Class 10 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
  2. Serial order wise
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Example 13 The sum of a two-digit number and the number obtained by reversing the digits is 66. If the digits of the number differ by 2, find the number. How many such numbers are there? Number is of the form Let digit at units place = y and the digit at tens place = x Given that (Number) + (Reversed Number) = 66 (10x + y) + (10y + x) = 66 10x + x + 10y + y = 66 11x + 11y = 66 11(x + y) = 66 x + y = 66/11 x + y = 6 Also, given that digits of the number differ by 2, So x – y = 2 or y – x = 2 Solving equation (1) & (2) x + y = 6 …(1) x – y = 2 …(2) By elimination method –2y = –4 y = (−4)/(−2) y = 2 Putting y = 2 in (2) x – y = 2 x – 2 = 2 x = 4 Hence x = 4, y = 2 is the solution of equations (1) & (2) Thus, the number is = 10x + y = 10 (4) + 2 = 40 + 2 = 42 Solving equation (1) & (3) x + y = 6 …(1) y – x = 2 …(3) Solving (1) & (3) by elimination 2x = 4 x = 4/2 x = 2 Putting x = 2 in equation (3) y – x = 2 y – 2 = 2 y = 2 + 2 y = 4 Hence x = 2, y = 4 is the solution of equations (1) & (2) Thus, the number is = 10x + y = 10 (2) + 4 = 20 + 4 = 24 So, the numbers which satisfy the given equations are 24 & 42

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  • Vishvjeet Singh Rajput's image
    Vishvjeet Singh Rajput
    Jan. 13, 2018, 7:38 p.m.
    the sum of a two digit number and the number obtained by reversing the digits is 66 . if the  digits of the number differ by 2 . find the  number. how many such number are there? 
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