Sanjana while preparing cake used baking soda in  small amounts. It helps to make the cake soft and  spongy. An aqueous solution of baking soda also  turns red litmus blue. It is also used in soda acid  extinguishers.

Soda acid  extinguishers Teachoo.jpg

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(a) Name the gas produced by the reaction of baking soda and acid which helps as fire extinguisher: 

(i) Carbon monoxide 

(ii) Carbon dioxide  

(iii) Hydrogen 

(iv) Oxygen  

 

Ans. 

Baking soda i.e. sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO 3 ) is basic in nature. 

 

It reacts with an acid as follows:

Reaction of Baking Soda with Acid - Teachoo.jpg

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In the reaction, CO 2 gas is released which helps in extinguishing fire.

 

So, the correct option is (ii) 



(b) Name the products formed when baking soda is  heated:  

(i) sodium sulphate and carbon dioxide gas  

(ii) sodium carbonate and water  

(iii) sodium carbonate, carbon dioxide and water.  

(iv) Sodium oxide, carbon dioxide and water.

 

Ans. 

When baking soda is heated, following reaction takes place:

What happens when Baking Soda is heated - Teachoo-01.jpg

Thus, the products formed are

  • Sodium Carbonate
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Water

 

So, the correct answer is (iii) 

 

(c) The pH of baking soda solution is:  

(i) more than 7  

(ii) less than 7  

(iii) equal to 7  

(iv) less than 7 but more than 3. 

 

Ans. 

Since baking soda is basic in nature , its solution will have a pH more the 7

 

So, the correct answer is (i)

 

(d) What is the chemical name for baking soda?  

(i) Sodium carbonate  

(ii) sodium bicarbonate  

(iii) calcium carbonate  

(iv) calcium bicarbonate. 

 

Ans. 

 

The chemical name for baking soda is sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO 3 )

So, the correct answer is (ii)

  1. Class 10
  2. Chapter 2 Class 10 - Acids, Bases and Salts (Term 1)

About the Author

CA Maninder Singh's photo - Founder at Teachoo
CA Maninder Singh
CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 11 years and a teacher from the past 11 years. He teaches Science, Accounts and English at Teachoo