Assertion (A) : When zinc is added to dilute  hydrochloric acid, hydrogen is given off.  

Reason (R): Hydrogen chloride molecules contain hydrochloric acid and hydrogen atoms.  


Directions: In the following questions, a statement  of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of  reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:  

(a) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true and  reason (R) is the correct explanation of assertion  (A).  

(b) Both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true but  reason (R) is not the correct explanation of  assertion (A).  (c) Assertion (A) is true but reason (R) is false.  

(d) Assertion (A) is false but reason (R) is true.  




The metal zinc readily reacts with  hydrochloric acid to produce hydrogen ga s (H 2 )  and zinc chloride (ZnCl 2 ).

The reaction is given below:

Zn + 2HCl → ZnCl 2 + H 2



Hydrochloric acid molecules contain chloride and hydroxide ions .  



  • Assertion is true
  • Reasoning is true
  • And Reasoning is not the correct explanation of Assertion


So, the correct answer is (b)   

  1. Class 10
  2. Chapter 2 Class 10 - Acids, Bases and Salts (Term 1)

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CA Maninder Singh's photo - Founder at Teachoo
CA Maninder Singh
CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 11 years and a teacher from the past 11 years. He teaches Science, Accounts and English at Teachoo