Ex 1.2 , 2 - Chapter 1 Class 12 Relation and Functions - Part 13

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Ex 1.2 , 2 - Chapter 1 Class 12 Relation and Functions - Part 14

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Ex 1.2 , 2 - Chapter 1 Class 12 Relation and Functions - Part 15

  1. Chapter 1 Class 12 Relation and Functions (Term 1)
  2. Serial order wise

Transcript

Ex 1.2 , 2 Check the injectivity and surjectivity of the following functions: (v) f: Z → Z given by f(x) = x3 f(x) = x3 Checking one-one (injective) f (x1) = (x1)3 f (x2) = (x2)3 f (x1) = f (x2) ⇒ (x1)3 = (x2)3 ⇒ x1 = x2 Rough One-one Steps: 1. Calculate f(x1) 2. Calculate f(x2) 3. Putting f(x1) = f(x2) we have to prove x1 = x2 Since if f (x1) = f (x2) , then x1 = x2 ∴ It is one-one (injective) Check onto (surjective) f(x) = x3 Let f(x) = y , such that y ∈ Z x3 = y x = 𝑦^(1/3) Here y is an integer i.e. y ∈ Z Let y = 2 x = 𝑦^(1/3) = 2^(1/3) So, x is not an integer ∴ f is not onto (not surjective) Hence, function f is injective but not surjective.

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Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 10 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.