Learn in your speed, with individual attention - Teachoo Maths 1-on-1 Class


Ex 1.2, 2 Check the injectivity and surjectivity of the following functions: (iv) f: N → N given by f(x) = x3 f(x) = x3 Checking one-one (injective) f (x1) = (x1)3 f (x2) = (x2)3 Putting f (x1) = f (x2) (x1)3 = (x2)3 x1 = x2 Since if f (x1) = f (x2) , then x1 = x2 ∴ It is one-one (injective) Check onto (surjective) f(x) = x3 Let f(x) = y , such that y ∈ N x3 = y x = 𝑦^(1/3) Here y is a natural number i.e. y ∈ N Let y = 2 x = 𝑦^(1/3) = 𝟐^(𝟏/𝟑) So, x is not a natural number ∴ f is not onto (not surjective) Hence, function f is injective but not surjective.

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 13 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.