What is Velocity Time Graph

It is used to show Velocity of object and Time Taken on a graph paper

Here,

Time Taken is shown on x axis

Velocity is shown on y axis


Note

It is also called speed time graph(as velocity and speed are similar and used interchangeably)

Velocity-Time Graph for Uniform Speed

Suppose an object travels at Uniform velocity of 40 km/hour

It means

Hour Velocity
0 40
1 40
2 40
3 40
4 40

Plotting it in Graph

We show

Time on x axis

Speed on y axis

Velocity Time Graph uniform speed.jpg

Note

In this case,velocity time graph is in the form of Straight line parallel to x axis because speed of object does not change

(In our case,remains constant at 40 km/hour)

Velocity-Time Graph for Uniform  Acceleration

Suppose an object travels at uniform acceleration of 20 km/hour

It means its speed is 20 km/hour in first hour,40 km/hour in second hour and 60 km /hour in third hour

 

So, his velocity will look like

Hour Velocity
0 0
1 20
2 40
3 60
4 80

Velocity Time Graph uniform Acceleration.jpg

Note
In this case,velocity time graph is in the form of Straight line sloping upwards

Velocity-Time Graph for Non-Uniform  Acceleration

Suppose an object travels at a velocity of 5 km/hour in first hour, 25 km/hour in second hour, 60 km/hr in third hour and 80 km/hour in fourth hour

Hour Velocity
0 0
1 5
2 25
3 60
4 80

Velocity Time Graph Non uniform Acceleration.jpg

Note
In this case,velocity time graph is in the form of Curved line sloping upwards

Velocity-Time Graph for Uniform Retardation

Suppose an object travels at uniform retardation of 20 km/hour

If his speed is 80 km/hr in the beginning.

It means that its speed will be 60 km/hour in first hour, 40 km/hour in second hour and 20 km /hour in third hour

 

So, his velocity will look like

Hour Velocity
0 80
1 60
2 40
3 20
4 0

 

Velocity-Time Graph for Non-Uniform  Retardation


Sometimes velocity or speed of on object decreases

Suppose an object was traveling at a speed of 60 km/hour

its speed decreases to 40 km/hour in second hour and 20 km/hour in third year

Hour Velocity
0 80
1 70
2 40
3 10
4 0


In this case,there is uniform retardation (or negative acceleration) of 20 km/hour Velocity Time Graph Non uniform Rerardation.jpg

So distance time graph is in form of a straight line sloping downwards

 

 

How to Find Acceleration and Distance by Velocity Time Graph

 

Acceleration = Slope of v-t graph

Distance = Area under v-t graph bounded by its axes

finding velocity form.jpg

 

How to find Distance travelled

 

Slide20.JPG

Velocity Time Graph Summary

Velocity Time Graph Summary - teachoo.jpg

Questions

NCERT Question 5 - A driver of a car traveling at 52 km h–1 applies the brakes and accelerates uniformly in the opposite direction. The car stops in 5 s. Another driver going at 3 km h–1 in another car applies his brakes slowly and stops in 10 s. On the same graph paper, plot the speed versus time graphs for the two cars. Which of the two cars travelled farther after the brakes were applied?

View Answer

 

NCERT Question 8 - The speed-time graph for a car is shown is Fig. 8.12.
(a) Find how far does the car travel in the first 4 seconds. Shade the area on the graph that represents the distance travelled by the car during the period.
(b) Which part of the graph represents uniform motion of the car?

View Answer

  1. Class 9
  2. Chapter 8 Class 9 - Motion

Transcript

Finding Acceleration from Velocity-Time Graph Acceleration = Slope of Velocity-Time graph Acceleration = (๐‘ฆ_2 โˆ’ ๐‘ฅ_1)/(๐‘ฅ_2 โˆ’ ๐‘ฅ_1 ) = (๐‘ฃ_2 โˆ’ ๐‘ฃ_1)/(๐‘ก_2 โˆ’ ๐‘ก_1 ) Finding Distance from Velocity-Time GraphDistance = Area of Velocity-Time graph Distance = Area of Trapezium OABC = 1/2 ร— Sum of Parallel Sides ร— Height = 1/2 ร— (OA + BC) ร— OC

About the Author

Davneet Singh's photo - Teacher, Computer Engineer, Marketer
Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.