If Direct is Simple Past

→ In Indirect, it becomes Past Perfect


  1. Direct Speech
    She said "I lived in Delhi"
  2. Indirect Speech
    She said that she had lived in Delhi


In Direct Speech, we use "lived" (Simple Past)

In Indirect Speech, we use "had lived" (Past Perfect)

Convert into Indirect Speech

Simran said "I bought an iPhone"

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Rakesh said "I got a new job"

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She said "I went to Goa"

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He said "I worked overtime for my children"

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The old lady said "I have no money"

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Aman said "I ate your lunch"

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  1. English
  2. Grammar

About the Author

CA Maninder Singh's photo - Expert in Practical Accounts, Taxation and Efiling
CA Maninder Singh
CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 11 years and a teacher from the past 16 years. He teaches Spoken English, Written English, Grammar and Vocabulary at Englishtan.