Modals are helping verbs

They are used to express ability, possibility, permission or obligation.

Example of Modals

  1. Can/could/be able to
  2. May/might
  3. Shall/should
  4. Must/have to
  5. Will/would


Modals for Ability

  1. I can do this work
    मैं ये काम कर सकता हूँ
  2. I could have done this work
    मुझे ये काम कर लेना चाहिए था
  3. I cannot do this work
    मैं ये काम नहीं कर सकता हूँ
  4. I could not do this work
    मैं ये काम नहीं कर सकता था

Modals for Possibility

  1. I may not come tomorrow
    शायद मैं कल नहीं आऊंगा
  2. I might not be able to attend the wedding
    हो सकता है मैं शादी में नहीं आ पाउँगा
  3. You may start dinner, we will be late
    तुम खाना शुरू कर लो, हमें देर हो जायेगी
  4. You might like to try this
    आपको इसे खेलना चाहिए

Modals for Permission

  1. May I go to the washroom?
    क्या मैं शौचलय जा सकता हूँ ?
  2. Can you spare me for a second? I have some urgent work
    क्या तुम मुझे कुछ टाइम के लिए अकेला छोड़ सकते हो ? मुझे कुछ जरुरी काम हैं
  3. Can you please excuse us?
    माफ़ कीजिये
  4. May I sit here?
    क्या मैं यहाँ बैठ सकता हूँ?
  5. Can I take this chair?
    क्या मैं ये कुर्सी ले सकता हूँ ?
  6. Can I have some extra tissue paper?
    क्या मैं और टिश्यू पेपर ले सकता हूँ ?

Modals for Suggestion (Polite)

  1. You should try this dish
    आपको ये पकवान चख़ना चाहिए
  2. You should meet her once
    आपको उससे एक बार मिलना चाहिए
  3. You are 30, you should marry now
    तुम तीस के हो, तुम्हे अब शादी कर लेनी चाहिए

Modals for Suggestion (Forceful)

  1. You must go there
    तुम्हे वहाँ जाना चाहिए
  2. You ought to meet me once in a week
    तुम्हें हर हफ़्ते मुझसे मिलते रहना चाहिए
  3. You must not drink and drive
    तुम्हे पीकर गाड़ी नहीं चलानी चाहिए

Modals for Advice to Avoid Something

  1. You shouldn't drive fast
    तुम्हे गाडी तेज़ नहीं चलानी चाहिए
  2. He shouldn't drink too much
    उसे ज्यादा नहीं पीनी चाहिए
  3. She shouldn't come late from parties
    उसे पार्टी से देर से नहीं आना चाहिए
  4. You don't have to tell everyone about your problems
    आपको सबको अपनी परेशानी के बारें में नहीं बताना चाहिए


I ...... not be able to attend tomorrow's meeting

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He is so handsome, he ....... having a girlfriend

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........ you like to join us for dinner?

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Sorry, I ....... come

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You look so sick, you .........see a doctor

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You ...... sit here

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Excuse me, ....... you please shift here?

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I ..... finish this homework today

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You ..... to see Paris once, its beautiful

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...... you open this jar for me?

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CA Maninder Singh

CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 14 years. He also provides Accounts Tax GST Training in Delhi, Kerala and online.