# Ex 13.3, 8 - Class 12

Last updated at May 29, 2018 by Teachoo

Last updated at May 29, 2018 by Teachoo

Transcript

Ex 13.3, 8 A factory has two machines A and B. Past record shows that machine A produced 60% of the items of output and machine B produced 40% of the items. Further, 2% of the items produced by machine A and 1% produced by machine B were defective. All the items are put into one stockpile and then one item is chosen at random from this and is found to be defective. What is the probability that it was produced by machine B? Let A : Items produced by machine A B : Items produced by machine B D : Items is defective We need to find the Probability that the item was produced by machine B, if it is found to be defective i.e. P(B|D) P(B|D) = 𝑃 𝐵 . 𝑃(𝐷|𝐵)𝑃 𝐵 . 𝑃(𝐷|𝐵)+𝑃 𝐴 . 𝑃(𝐷|𝐴) Putting values in formula, P(B|D) = 0. 4 × 0. 01 0. 6 × 0. 02 +0. 4 ×0. 01 = 0. 01 × 0. 40. 01 0.6 × 2 + 0.4 = 0.41.2 + 0.4 = 0.41.6 = 416 = 14 Therefore, required probability is 14

Chapter 13 Class 12 Probability

Serial order wise

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 8 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo. You can check his NCERT Solutions from Class 6 to 12.