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  1. Chapter 13 Class 12 Probability
  2. Serial order wise

Transcript

Ex 13.3, 2 A bag contains 4 red and 4 black balls, another bag contains 2 red and 6 black balls. One of the two bags is selected at random and a ball is drawn from the bag which is found to be red. Find the probability that the ball is drawn from the first bag.Let B1 : ball is drawn from Bag I B2 : ball is drawn from Bag II R : ball is drawn is red We need to find Now, Probability that ball is drawn from Bag I, if ball is red = P(B1 |R) So, P(B1 |R) = (P(๐ต_1 ) . P(๐‘…|๐ต_1))/(P(๐ต_1 ) . P(๐‘…|๐ต_1)+P(๐ต_2 ) . P(๐‘…|๐ต_2)) Putting values in formula, P(B1 |R) = (1/2 ร— 1/2)/(1/2 ร— 1/4 + 1/2 ร— 1/2) "P(B1 )" = Probability that ball is drawn from Bag I = ๐Ÿ/๐Ÿ "P(R|B1)" = Probability that ball is red, if drawn from Bag I = 4/(4 + 4) = 4/8 = ๐Ÿ/๐Ÿ "P(B2)" = Probability that ball is drawn from Bag II = ๐Ÿ/๐Ÿ "P(R|B2)" = Probability that ball is red, if drawn from Bag II = 2/(2 + 6) = 2/8 = ๐Ÿ/๐Ÿ’ = (1/4 )/(1/8 + 1/4 ) = ( 2/8 )/( 3/8 ) = 2/3 Therefore, required probability is ๐Ÿ/๐Ÿ‘

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Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.