# Ex 4.2, 10 - Chapter 4 Class 12 Determinants

Last updated at May 29, 2018 by Teachoo

Last updated at May 29, 2018 by Teachoo

Transcript

Ex 4.2, 10 By using properties of determinants, show that: (i) x+4 2x 2x 2x x+4 2x 2x 2 x+4 = (5x + 4) (4 x)2 Taking L.H.S x+4 2x 2x 2x x+4 2x 2x 2 x+4 Applying R1 R1 + R2 + R2 = x+4+2 +2 2x+x+4+2x 2x+2x+x+4 2x x+4 2x 2x 2 x+4 = + + + 2x x+4 2x 2x 2 x+4 Taking out (5x + 4) common from R1 = (5x + 4) 1 1 1 2x x+4 2x 2x 2 x+4 Applying C1 C1 C2 = (5x + 4) 1 1 1 1 2x x 4 x+4 2x 2x 2x 2 x+4 = (5x + 4) 1 1 x 4 x+4 2x 0 2 x+4 Applying C2 C2 C3 = (5x + 4) 0 1 x 4 x+4 2x 2x 0 2 4 x+4 = (5x + 4) 0 1 x 4 ( 4) 2x 0( 4) ( 4) x+4 Taking common (x 4) from C1 & C2 = (5x + 4) (x 4) (x 4) 0 0 1 1 1 2x 0 1 x+4 Expanding Determinant along R1 = (5x + 4) (x 4) (x 4) 0 1 2 1 +4 0 1 2 0 +4 +1 1 1 0 1 = (5x 4) (x 4)2 (0 0 + (1 0)) = (5x 4) (x 4)2 (1) = (5x 4) (x 4)2 = R.H.S Hence Proved Ex 4.2 , 10 By using properties of determinants, show that: (ii) y+ y y y y+ y y y+ = k3 (3y + k) Taking L.H.S y+ y y y y+ y y y+ Applying R1 R1 + R2 + R3 = y+ + + y+y+k+y y+y+y+k y y+ y y y+ = + + + y y+ y y y+ Taking out (3y + k) common from R1 = (3y + k) 1 1 1 y y+ y y y+ Applying C1 C1 C2 = (3y + k) 1 1 y+ y y+ = (3y + k) 1 1 y+k y 0 y+ Applying C2 C2 C3 = (3y + k) 0 1 0 y+k y 0 y+ = (3y + k) 0 1 y 0 y+ Expanding Determinant along R1 = (3y + k) 0 + 0 0 + +1 0 = (3y + k) (0 0 + 1 (k2 0)) = (3y + k) (k2) = k2 (3y + k) = R.H.S Hence Proved

Making whole row/column one and simplifying

Chapter 4 Class 12 Determinants

Concept wise

- Finding determinant of a 2x2 matrix
- Evalute determinant of a 3x3 matrix
- Area of triangle
- Equation of line using determinant
- Finding Minors and cofactors
- Evaluating determinant using minor and co-factor
- Find adjoint of a matrix
- Finding Inverse of a matrix
- Inverse of two matrices and verifying properties
- Finding inverse when Equation of matrice given
- Checking consistency of equations
- Find solution of equations- Equations given
- Find solution of equations- Statement given
- Verifying properties of a determinant
- Two rows or columns same
- Whole row/column zero
- Whole row/column one
- Making whole row/column one and simplifying
- Proving Determinant 1 = Determinant 2
- Solving by simplifying det.
- Using Property 5 (Determinant as sum of two or more determinants)

About the Author

Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.