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Example 5 - Find component statements and check true or not - Examples

  1. Chapter 14 Class 11 Mathematical Reasoning
  2. Serial order wise
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Example 5 Find the component statements of the following and check whether they are true or not. (i) A square is a quadrilateral and its four sides equal. The component statements are p: A square is quadrilateral. q: A square has all its sides equal. The connecting word is ‘And’. We know that a square is quadrilateral Hence p is true We know that square has all its equal Hence q is true Hence both component statement are true Example 5 Find the component statements of the following and check whether they are true or not. (ii) All prime numbers are either even or odd. The component statements are p: All prime numbers are odd numbers. q: All prime numbers are even numbers. The connecting word is ‘or’. We know that All prime number are not even Example: 3 is prime not even Hence p is false We know that All prime number are not odd Example: 2 is prime but not odd Hence q is false. Hence ,both the components statement are false. Example 5 Find the component statements of the following and check whether they are true or not. (iii) A person who has taken Mathematics or Computer Science can go for MCA. The component statements are p: A person who has taken Mathematics can go for MCA. q: A person who has taken computer science can go for MCA Here the connecting word is ‘or’. We know that A person can for MCA if he has mathematics Hence p is true. We know that a person can go for MCA if he has taken Computer Science Hence q is true. Hence both the component statement are true Example 5 Find the component statements of the following and check whether they are true or not. (iv) Chandigarh is the capital of Haryana and UP. The component statements are p: Chandigarh is the capital of Haryana. q: Chandigarh is the capital of UP. Here the connecting word ‘is and’ We know that capital of Haryana is Chandigarh Hence p is true. We know that the capital of UP. is not Chandigarh Hence q is false Example 5 Find the component statements of the following and check whether they are true or not. (v) ﷐﷮2﷯ is a rational number or an irrational number. The component statements are p: ﷐﷮2﷯ is a rational number. q: ﷐﷮2﷯ is an irrational number. Here the connecting word is ‘or’. We know that ﷐﷮2﷯ is not rational number Hence p is not true. We know that ﷐﷮2﷯ is an irrational number Hence q is not true. Example 5 Find the component statements of the following and check whether they are true or not. (vi) 24 is a multiple of 2, 4 and 8. The component statements are p: 24 is a multiple of 2. q: 24 is a multiple of 4. r: 24 is a multiple of 8. The connecting words are ‘and’. We know that 24 is a multiple of 2 (24 = 2 × 12) Hence p is true We know that 24 is a multiple of 4 (24 = 4 × 6) Hence q is true We know that 24 is a multiple of 8 (24 = 8 × 3) Hence r is true All three statement true

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Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He provides courses for Mathematics from Class 9 to 12. You can ask questions here.
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