Ex 11.4, 13 - Find hyperbola: foci (4, 0), latus rectum 12 - Hyperbola

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  1. Chapter 11 Class 11 Conic Sections
  2. Serial order wise

Transcript

Ex 11.4, 13 Find the equation of the hyperbola satisfying the given conditions: Foci (±4, 0), the latus rectum is of length 12 Since the foci are on the x-axis. Hence, the required equation of the hyperbola is ﷐𝑥2﷮𝑎2﷯ – ﷐𝑦2﷮𝑏2﷯ = 1 . Now, coordinates of foci are (±c, 0) & given foci = (±4, 0) so, (±c,0) = (±4,0) c = 4 Now, Latus rectum =﷐2𝑏2﷮𝑎﷯ given latus rectum = 12 So, ﷐2𝑏2﷮𝑎﷯=12 2b2 = 12a b2 = 6a We know that c2 = a2 + b2 Putting value of c & b2 (4)2 = a2 + 6a 16 = a2 + 6a a2 + 6a − 16 = 0 a2 + 8 − 2a −16 = 0 a(a + 8) − 2 (a + 8) = 0 (a − 2) (a + 8) = 0 So, a = 2 or a = -8 Since ‘a’ is distance, it cannot be negative , So a = − 8 is not possible ∴ a = 2, From (1) b2 = 6a b2 = 6 ×2 b2 = 12

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