• In a democracy, any group of citizens is free to form a political party.
  • More than 750 parties are registered with the Election Commission of India.
  • But n ot all these parties are serious contenders in the elections.
  • So the question, then is: how many major or effective parties are good for democracy?
  • In some countries, only one party is allowed to control and run the government.
    These are called a one-party system.
    Example - China- The communist party

  • In some countries, power usually changes between two main parties.
    Such a party system is called a two-party system .
    Example - The United States of America and the United Kingdom

  • If several parties compete for power, and more than two parties have a reasonable chance of coming into power either on their strength or in alliance with others.
    This is called a multiparty system. Example- India.
  • When several parties in a multi-party system join hands to contest elections and win power, it is called an alliance or a front. Example- BJP led NDA with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as PM from 1999 to 2004.

  • Each country develops a party system that is conditioned by its special circumstances.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.