Read the given extract and answer the questions that follow:

How many languages do we have in India? The answer depends on how one counts it. The latest information that we have is from the Census of India held in 2001. This census recorded more than 1500 distinct languages which people mentioned as their mother tongues. These languages were grouped together under some major languages. For example, languages like Bhojpuri, Magadhi, Bundelkhandi, Chhattisgarhi, Rajasthani, Bhili and many others were grouped together under 'Hindi'. Even after this grouping, the Census found 114 major languages. Of these 22 languages are now included in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution and are therefore, called 'Scheduled Languages'. Others are called 'Non-Scheduled Languages'. In terms of languages, India is perhaps the most diverse country in the world.

 

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

Question (i)

How many languages are spoken in India?

 

Answer:

From the paragraph,

The latest information that we have is from the Census of India held in 2001. This Census recorded more than 1500 distinct languages .

In India, more than 1500 distinct languages are spoken.

 

Question (ii)

Which languages are grouped under “Hindi”?

 

Answer:

languages like Bhojpuri, Magadhi,  Bundelkhandi, Chhattisgarhi, Rajasthani, Bhili and many others were grouped together under  'Hindi'.

 

Question (iii)

How many languages are included in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution?

 

Answer:

From the paragraph,

These 22 languages are now included in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution and are, therefore, called 'Scheduled Languages'.

22 languages are now included in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution .

 

Question (iv)

Which country in the world is perhaps, the most diverse in terms of languages?

 

Answer:

From the paragraph,

In terms of languages, India is perhaps the most diverse country in the world.

India is perhaps the most diverse country in the world in terms of language .

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.