English Class 11
Writing

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow: 

  1. At the end of the Second World War, Japan was defeated, its economy was in ruins with much of its factories  and housing were destroyed by bombing. Until 1952, it was occupied by Allied troops under the command of General  Mac Arthur. For the first three years, the Americans had forbidden Japan from having armed forces gave it a democratic  constitution and focused on restoring its economy. But during 1948, the American attitude gradually changed as the  Cold War developed.  
  2. Europe and Kuomintang crumbled in China. They felt a strong need for an ally in South-East Asia and began to  encourage Japanese economic recovery. From 1950, industry developed rapidly and by 1953 production had reached  a high level. American occupying forces were withdrawn in April 1952, though some troops remained for defence  purposes.  
  3. Japanese goods were allowed into American markets on favourable terms and the USA supplied aid and  equipment. An economically healthy Japan meant a buffer against communism in South-East Asia.  
  4. The Korean war brought orders for military equipment and supplies and American firms began to cooperate  with the Japanese. The alliance with the U.S.A. enabled it to invest money in industry instead of defence.  
  5. Keeping wages and government expenditure low, Japan ploughed back all their profits into its industries.  Japanese products were very competitive in the world market.  
  6. Japan’s farmers were benefited by the land reforms implemented by a series of stable governments.  Hence, Japan took giant strides in its economic progress.  

Q. 1. On the basis of your reading of the passage, make  notes on it using recognizable abbreviations  wherever necessary. Use a suitable format. Supply  an appropriate title. (5 marks)  

Answer-

                                  Giant Striders in Japan’s Economy  

  1. Japan’s disastrous defeat in World War II  
    1. Economy in ruins  
    2. Factories and houses destroyed in bombing.  
    3. Armed forces crushed  
    4. America forced Japan:  
      1. Not to maintain an army. 
      2. To have a democratic const.  
  2. Cold War changed American attitude:  
    1. Kuomintang defeated in China.  
    2. Needed an ally in S.E. Asia.  
    3. Encouraged Japanese Econ. recovery by:  
      1. withdrawing American forces  
      2. Giving favourable terms of Jap. goods in  U.S.A.  
      3. supplying aids and equip.  
  3. Japan–A Buffer State Against Communism:  
    1. Korean War helped: 
      1. America to cooperate with Japan  
      2. To supply military equip  
    2. 3.2 alliance with the USA helped Japan:  
      1. to invest money in indust.  
      2. to become a healthy economy  
  4. Japan became an industrial giant:  
    1. Japan Planned:  
      1. Low Govt. expenditure  
      2. Ploughed profits in indust.  
      3. Competitive rates  
      4. Land reforms  
    2. Stable govts. brought fantastic eco. progamme. 

 

 

S. No.

Abbreviation 

Word

1.

Const.

Constitution 

2.

Equip. 

Equipments 

3.

Eco. 

Economic 

4.

Jap. 

Japanese 

5.

Govt. 

Government 

6.

Indus. 

Industry/Industries

 Q. 2. On the basis of the above passage, write a  summary in not more than 50 words. (3 marks)  

Answer-

Japan’s economy was destroyed by  bombing in World War II. Americans did not allow  it to have an army for three years. But after the  Cold War and Korean War, American forces were  withdrawn and industrial production increased.  Japan’s economy developed due to American  cooperation, land reforms and stable governments. 

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CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 14 years and a teacher from the past 18 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo