English Class 11

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow: 

  1. Gandhiji had taken up the work of achieving political freedom along with the establishment of truth, nonviolence, unity, peace, equality, universal brotherhood and freedom for all. In the political struggle, the fight was against  a foreign power, but in establishing the social order of his pattern, there would be a conflict between classes of our own  people. A new order cannot be established without changing the attitude of men towards property and unless the  ‘haves’ have to yield place to the ‘have-nots.’  
  2. The root cause of class conflict is the acquisitive instinct. If our ideal is to achieve maximum material satisfaction,  possessiveness is neither suppressed nor eliminated but grows on what it feeds.  
  3. If egalitarianism is to endure it has to be based not on the possession of material goods but on voluntary,  enlightened renunciation of those goods, which cannot be shared by others or can be enjoyed only at the expenses of others. This calls for substitution of spiritual values for purely material ones. The paradise of material satisfaction, that  is sometimes equated with progress these days neither spells peace nor progress. Mahatma Gandhi has shown us how  the acquisitive instinct inherent in a man could be transmitted by the adoption of the ideas of trusteeship by those who  ‘have’ for the benefit of all those who ‘have not’ so that, instead of leading to exploitation and conflict, it would become  a means and incentive for the amelioration and progress of society respectively.  

Q. 1. On the basis of your reading of the passage, make  notes on it using recognizable abbreviations  wherever necessary. Use a suitable format. Supply  an appropriate title. (5 marks)  


                                        Gandhiji Ideals and Works.  

  1. Two Tasks of Gandhi:  
    1. Estblshmnt. of new social order:  
      1. Based on truth and non-violence  
      2. Egalitarian society.  
    2. pol. freedom.  
  2. Achievement of Pol. freedom:  
    1. An easier task; requires:  
      1. Fight against a foreign power  
      2. Mass upsurge  
  3. Estblshmnt of a New Social Order:  
    1. Involves conflict with:  
      1. Own people;  
      2. Diff. groups  
    2. New order is possible only when:  
      1. Mind & attitudes of the people changes;  
      2. ‘have’ sacrifice their interests for ‘havenots.’  
  4. Possessiveness–the root cause of all evils:  
    1. Materialism gives birth to possessiveness. 
    2. Egalitarian order can be achieved by:  
      1. renunciation of self-interests;  
      2. including spiritualism.  
  5. Gandhiji’s ideals of trusteeship:  
    1. Benefit of ‘have-nots.’  
    2. End of exp’tion of conflicts. 


                                                             Key to Abbreviations 


















Q. 2. Write a summary of the above passage in 50 words  using the notes made by you. (3 marks)  


Gandhiji wanted to achieve political  and social freedom, based on truth, non-violence,  unity, peace, equality and brotherhood. But this  could lead to conflict between classes of our own  people. This new order is possible only if the  materialism is replaced by spiritualism and the  ‘haves’ are generous towards the ‘have-nots’

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CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 14 years and a teacher from the past 18 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo