English Class 11

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow: 

  1. The small village of Somnathpur contains an extraordinary temple built around 1268 A.D. by one of the most  prolific temple builders – the Hoysala of Karnataka. Belur and Helebid are among their better-known works. While  these suffered during the invasion of the 14th century, the Somnathpur temple stands more or less intact. The small  temple has detailed sculpture, covering almost every inch of the walls, pillars and even ceilings. It has three shikaras  and stands on a star-shaped raised platform with 24 edges. The outer walls have a profusion of detailed carvings the  entire surface run over by carved plaques of stone. There were vertical panels covered by exquisite figures of god and  goddesses, with many incarnations being depicted. There were nymphs too, some carrying an ear of maize, a symbol  of plenty and prosperity. The elaborate ornamentation, very characteristic of Hoyasala sculptures was a remarkable  feature. On closer look, the series of friezes on the outer walls revealed intricately carved caparisoned elephants,  charging horsemen, stylised flowers, warriors, musicians, crocodiles and swans. 
  2. The temple was actually commissioned by Soma Dandanayaka or Somnath (he named the village after himself),  the minister of the Hoysala king, Narasimha the Third. The temple was built to house three versions of Krishna –  Venugopala, Janardana and Prasanna Keshava, though only two remain in their original form. In the darkness of the  sanctum sanatorium, there are different images. The temple’s sculptural perfection is amazing including the doors of  the temple and the three elegantly carved towers.  

Q. 1. Make notes on the above passage in a suitable  format. You should use recognisable abbreviations  wherever necessary. Give a suitable title to your  passage. (5 marks) 


                                                       Somnath Temple 

  1.  Loc. & Origin  
    1. Small village of Somnathpur  
    2. Commissioned by Soma Dandanayaka  or Somnath - minister of Hoyasala king,  Narashimha, III.  
  2. Original condition  
    1. Three corridors ending in three shrines with  three versions of Krishna  
      1. Venugopala  
      2. Janardana  
      3. Prasanna.  
    2. Now only two in original form  
  3. Structural Details & Scupltural perfect  
    1. Structure  
      1. Has 3 Shikaras.  
      2. Stands on a star shaped-raised platform  with 24 edges.  
      3. Vertical panels: exquisite, Figures of Gods  & Goddesses – many reinc depicted.  
      4. Nymphs – some with an ear of maize  (symbol of plenty & prosperity) 
    2. Sculptural perfectn.  
      1. Every inch of walls – carved caparisoned  elephants, chargeng horsemen, stylised,  flowers, warriors, musicians, crocodiles &  swans. 





















   Q. 2. Write a summary of the passage based on the  above notes: (3 marks)  


Somnath temple is located in the small  village of Somnathpur and was commissioned by  Soma Dandanayaka or Somnath, the minister of  Hoyasala. Three corridors end in three shrines with  three versions of Krishna –Venugopala, Janaradana  and Prasanna Keshava. It has three shikharas with  intricate of gods and goddesses, caparisoned  elephants, charging horsemen, flowers, warriors,  musicians and other majestic animals. The temple  is amazing for its sculptural perfection. 

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CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 14 years and a teacher from the past 18 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo