• Minerals are an indispensable part of our lives .
  • Almost everything that we use is made up of minerals, from a tiny pin to a ship or to a huge building.
  • Minerals are those elements on the earth and in foods that our bodies need to develop and function normally.

What is a mineral?

  • Geologists define mineral as a homogenous, naturally occurring substance with a definable internal structure. 
  • Minerals are found in varied forms in nature, ranging from the hardest diamond to the softest talc.
  • Rocks are combinations of homogenous substances called minerals. Some rocks like limestone consist of a single mineral only.
  • Over 2000 minerals have been identified, only a few are abundantly found on Earth.
  • A particular mineral that will be formed under certain combination of elements depends on the physical and chemical conditions under which the material forms.
  • Which in turn, results in a wide range of colours, hardness, crystal forms, lustre and density that a mineral possesses. 
  • Geologists use these properties for classifying minerals.

For general and commercial purposes, minerals can be classified under :

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 13 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.