• The people are important to develop the economy and the society. The people make and use resources and are themselves resources with varying quality.

  • ‘Resources’, ‘calamities’, and ‘disasters’ are all meaningful only in relation to human beings.

  • Their numbers, distribution, growth, and characteristics or qualities provide th e basic background for understanding and appreciating all aspects of the environment.

  • Human beings are producers and consumers of the earth’s resources. Therefore, it is important to know how many people are there in a country, where they live, how and why their numbers are increasing, and what are their characteristics. 

  • India’s population as on March 2011 stood a t 1,210.6 million, which accounts for 17.5 percent of the world’s population.

  • These 1.21 billion people are unevenly distributed over our country’s vast area of 3.28 million square km, which accounts for 2.4 percent of the world’s area.

  • The population is a dynamic phenomenon. T he numbers, distribution, and composition of the population are constantly changing.

  • This is the influence of the interaction of the three processes, namely — births, deaths, and migrations.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.