I ndia’s Population Size and Distribution by Numbers 

  • India’s population as on March 2011 stood at 1,210.6 million, which accounts for 17.5 percent of the world’s population.

  • These 1.21 billion people are unevenly distributed over our country ’s vast area of 3.28 million square km, which accounts for 2.4 percent of the world’s area.

  • Uttar Pradesh accounts for about 16 percent of the country’s population.

  • The Himalayan state of Sikkim has a population of just about 0 .6 million and Lakshadweep has only 64,429 people.

  •  Almost half of India’s population lives in just five states-Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal, and Andhra Pradesh.

  •  Rajasthan, the biggest state in terms of area, has only 5.5 percent of the total population of India.

India’s Population Distribution by Density

  •  Population density provides a better picture of uneven distribution.

  •  Population density is calculated as the number of persons per unit area.

  •  India is one of the most densely populated countries in the world.

  • Note the States with population densities below 250 persons per square km.

  • Rugged terrain and unfavorable climatic conditions are primarily responsible for the sparse population in these areas.

  • Assam and most of the Peninsular states have moderate population densities.

  • The Hilly, dissected, and rocky nature of the terrain, moderate to low rainfall, and shallow and less fertile soils have influenced population densities in these areas.

  •  The Northern plains and Kerala in the south have high to very high population densities because of the flat plains with fertile soils and abundant rainfall. 
Ask a doubt
Davneet Singh's photo - Co-founder, Teachoo

Made by

Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.