• The people are important to develop the economy and the society. The people make and use resources and are themselves resources with varying quality.

  • Coal is but a piece of rock until people were able to invent technology to obtain it and make it a ‘resource’.

  • ‘Resources’, ‘calamities’, and ‘disasters’ are all meaningful only in relation to human beings.

  • Their numbers, distribution, growth, and characteristics or qualities provide the basic background for understanding and appreciating all aspects of the environment.

  • Human beings are producers and consumers of the earth’s resources. Therefore, it is important to know how many people are there in a country, where they live, how and why their numbers are increasing, and what are their characteristics.

  • The census of India provides us with information regarding the population of our country.


  • A census is an official enumeration of population done periodically. 
  • In India, the first census was held in the year 1872
  • The first complete census was taken in the year 1881.  
  • Since then, censuses have been held regularly every tenth year .
  • The Indian Census is the most comprehensive source of demographic, social and economic data.
Ask a doubt
Davneet Singh's photo - Co-founder, Teachoo

Made by

Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.