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Abiotic resources

Resources obtained from physical or non-living environment, such as land, water, air, minerals and power resources.

Actual or developed resources

Resources whose total quantity and quality are at present known and can be developed.

Biotic resources

Resources that are living or derived from living organisms, such as plants, animals and microorganisms.

Conservation of resources

The careful and judicious use of natural resources without wasting them.

Human-made resources

Resources that are created by human beings using their knowledge, skills and technology, such as buildings, roads, machinery and vehicles.

Human resources

The people who have the ability and skill to make the best use of natural resources through their knowledge and technology.

Localized resources

Resources that are found at certain places only, such as gold and silver.

Natural resources

The natural endowments, such as land, air, water, soil, minerals, natural vegetation and fossil fuels.

Non-renewable resources

Resources that are available in fixed quantities and cannot be replaced once exhausted, such as minerals and fossil fuels.

Potential resources

Resources whose total available quantity is not known at present and can be used in the future.

Renewable resources

Resources that can be renewed by reproduction or by physical, mechanical or chemical processes, such as plants, animals, solar and wind energy.

Sustainable development

The development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.


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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 13 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.