Inamgaon - A Chalcolithic Settlement
Inamgaon is a
chalcolithic settlement located in the state of Maharashtra, India.
located in the Bhima river valley
and was inhabited during the Chalcolithic period (c. 3300-1300 BCE).
The settlement is
believed to have been home to several thousand people.
Inamgaon was a
center of agricultural activity and its inhabitants cultivated crops such as wheat, barley, and lentils.
The settlement also
had a thriving craft industry,
with inhabitants engaged in the production of pottery, stone tools, and metal objects such as copper bracelets.
- Inamgaon is famous for its unique pottery style, which is characterized by intricate designs and patterns such as fish, birds, and human figures.
134 mud houses
have been excavated at Inamgaon.
Most are r
ectangular in shape with only one or two rooms
. One house, however, has 5 rooms. It may have been the house of the ruling chief.
Next to this house is a
The chief may have collected grains from the farmers and stored them here.
Oval shaped pits
have been found inside most houses.
These pits may have been
used to cook food.
Similar pits have also been found outside some houses. It suggests that people may have done
some of their cooking outdoors.
Storage pits and storage bins
have also been found.
Archaeologists have found a
lot of pottery and stone tools at Inamgaon.
Most of the
pots are red in color.
Some have black designs on them.
Stone tools may have been used to
chop trees, pound meat and skin animals.
The people of Inamgaon made
artifacts of copper.
Beads made of terracotta
, semi-precious stones and ivory have also been found.
Some beads are made from
Numerous terracotta figures
have been found at Inamgaon.
Some had been
baked and hardened in clay ovens.
Some of the
animal figures may have been toys
may have had a
worshipped a female goddess
as in one of the sites, archaeologists found a
clay bull along with a female figure.
Seeds and thousands of animal bones
Crops such as
wheat, barley, lentils, peas, gram and beans
- Meat, fish and dairy products w ere also part of the daily diet.