divided into numerous tribes (janas).
tribe settled in a particular area
which consisted of many villages.
tribe had a king (rajan) or a chief
, who was selected for his bravery.
These kings were
not like the kings of later times.
They did not have huge palaces or large armies. Their control was to a small area.
two assemblies- the
sabha and the samiti.
sabha was an assembly of probably the elders and important people.
samiti was a general assembly, probably gathering of members of every family of the jana.
Cattle and horses were very important to the people. In
, there are many
hymns asking gods to bless people with cattle and horses.
Each household had a number of cows. ‘
Dairy products such as
butter and ghee were popular.
was a type of liquor which was drunk on common festive occasions.
’ was prepared from milk and the juice of a rare plant that grew on the mountains. People drank it during special religious ceremonies.
were important because
they were yoked to chariots that were used in battle.
battles were fought for cattle, horses and land.
People performed sacrifices and made offering
to different gods.
- The priest who performed these rituals and sacrifices were given cows, horses, gold, and cloth as gifts.